First, What is migraine❓
Migraine is a complex condition with a wide variety of symptoms. For many people, the main feature is a painful headache. Other symptoms include disturbed vision, sensitivity to light, sound, and smells, feeling sick and vomiting.
Migraine attacks can be very frightening and may result in you having to lie still for several hours.
The migraine symptoms will vary from person to person and individuals may have different symptoms or location such as back of head or right side. Your attacks may differ in length and frequency. Migraine attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours and most people are free from symptoms between attacks.
Migraine can have an enormous impact on your work, family, and social lives.
Prevention for migraine
- Transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation (t-SNS). This device (Cefaly), similar to a headband with attached electrodes, was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a preventive therapy for migraines.
- Learn to cope. Recent research shows that a strategy called learning to cope (LTC) may help prevent migraines.
- Create a consistent daily schedule.
- Exercise regularly.
- Reduce the effects of estrogen.
There’s no cure for migraines, but a number of treatments are available to help reduce the symptoms.
- Painkillers – including over-the-counter medications such as paracetamol and ibuprofen
- Triptans – medications that can help reverse the changes in the brain that may cause migraines
- Antiemetics – medications often used to reduce nausea and vomiting
- During an attack, many people find that sleeping or lying in a darkened room can also help.
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